What Is Project Risk Management and How to Do It?

By Meidiana Apriliani | Published On: 13 July 2021
What Is Project Risk Management and How to Do It?

Have you prepared risk management for problems that may arise during the project? Often underestimated, risk management turns out to have a vital function in supporting the overall success of your project.

Every project that is carried out will certainly meet its own risks. Unfortunately, this risk is generally not known with certainty, neither its occurrence nor the exact time of its arrival. However, if it is not anticipated well from the start, it is not impossible that this risk will bring bigger problems in the future. It’s not necessarily about the “negative risks”, but also the missing “positive risks” that can increase the value of your project.

In this scenario, it is necessary to do something called project risk management. Risk management since the project planning stage will bring you a sense of security and readiness when the identified risks actually occur. To find out more about project risk management, Tomps.id has summarized the review for you below!

Understanding Project Risk Management

What is project risk management? If defined, project risk management is a systematic process that includes planning, identifying, analyzing, and responding to project risks. According to Lavanya and Malarvizhi (2008) in PMI, risk management is an important project management practice to minimize unexpected panic during the project.

Not without purpose, project risk management is carried out to increase positive opportunities and minimize negative or detrimental opportunities that may actually occur in our projects. Not only negative, the risks themselves are categorized as positive, where these positive risks are also often called opportunities. The response handling for the types of positive and negative risks is certainly different, and this must be prepared properly through project risk management.

In its application, project risk management has various processes that must be passed. Starting from the stages of planning, identification, qualitative and quantitative analysis, risk response planning, control, to monitoring.

Why is Risk Management Important For Project Success?

Risk management has an important role in project success. Through good project risk management, we can identify the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) in our projects. In addition, there are several other reasons why risk management is important for a project:

  1. Help us avoid big, uncontrollable problems in the future.
  2. Help us find new profitable opportunities (positive risk).
  3. Increase the sense of responsibility and the value of accountability.
  4. Optimizing project budgets due to more controlled expenses.
  5. Increase the chances of project success

Steps in Risk Management


Problem identification is the first step in the risk management process. Identification of problems is crucial for anticipating issues and reducing risks by taking preventative measures. With the team and stakeholders, brainstorming sessions can be used to complete the identification process. When brainstorming, make a list of every possibility that comes to mind and gauge the level of risk. Gather all relevant information so that it can be taken into account for upcoming analyses.


Analysis is the next task that needs to be completed. The process of locating and evaluating issues that could negatively affect the ongoing project is known as risk analysis. In this step, every problem that is discovered is analysed along with its potential effects and solutions.

It is crucial to consider the potential effects of significant risks on the project when identifying them, which is why it is crucial to include stakeholders in the decision-making process.

3.Prioritise the Issue

Setting priorities for issues is crucial because each one has a distinct impact and processing time. Depending on your requirements, you can rank issues in the following categories: high, medium, and low. Certain issues necessitate immediate attention and action, while others do not, in which case prompt action is necessary to address them.

4.Assign Owners of Risk

Each risk needs to have an owner who is in charge of finding a solution. Anyone can be designated as a risk owner, and they are all accountable for finding a solution to the risk issue.

5.Response to Risk

Every risk that has been identified requires a risk management strategy. Prioritising risk management comes next after the strategy creation process is finished.


This stage of the risk resolution process is a monitoring procedure. The ability to conduct checks to observe the project process and identify any issues is a must for any project manager.

What Is The Project Risk Management Process?

1. Risk Identification From the Beginning

From the very beginning of the project, it is highly recommended to identify the project risks. To identify project risks, try to find answers to these questions:

  • What is the list of possible project risks and how are they categorized?
  • Is your team experienced in dealing with these risks?
  • Are you sure all project risk opportunities have been identified?
  • Who is responsible for this risk?

2. Communicate Risks With All Project Stakeholders

Everyone who plays an important role in your project (project stakeholders) has the right to know all project risks that may arise. Therefore, hold a meeting with all project stakeholders to discuss this risk. This will make some vital stakeholders, such as sponsors for example, not be surprised if in the future this risk occurs. Also make sure they provide answers or decisions in response to the most important risks that your internal team cannot handle alone.

3. Consider Positive Risks and Negative Risks

In project risk management, there are at least two types of risk categories. There are positive risks which are also known as opportunities, as well as negative risks such as weaknesses and threats. Good or bad we have to consider their existence.

4. Create a Priority Scale

The impact and probability of the risks we find will certainly vary. Therefore, it is important for us to prioritize these risks. This will help us avoid exhausting ourselves on risks that are not truly impactful or high priority. Meanwhile, risks that actually have a high priority are left in the queue and can cause bigger problems in the future.

To help us determine this priority scale, we can try to create an evaluation instrument or tool to categorize and measure the impact of the risks found. This process will ultimately help the team to better manage and respond to risks in the future.

5. Do a Risk Assessment Before Trying To Solve It

Usually, when we have identified the project risks, the desire to move to the problem-solving stage will immediately arise. But before that, find the root cause or cause of the identified risk first.

Why is that? the goal is to find out the rate at which the layers appear. Is it still at the individual level, or far above it. Some of the things that must be answered at this stage are the causes of the identified risks and their impact on the project.

6. Plan the Right Risk Response

It is not impossible that there is no quick solution to eliminate or reduce all project risks that arise. Some risks may have to be managed strategically over the long term. This makes us have to make a plan to respond so that risk can be controlled

Our risk response plan should include the following:

  • Description and assessment of identified risks
  • Description of response or action to reduce risk
  • Project risk owner
  • Committed risk completion deadlines

7. Plan Countermeasures

After identifying and developing a response plan for possible risks, the next step is to develop preventive actions. At this stage, the team must develop appropriate countermeasures to minimize the chance of these risks occurring. We can break it down in the form of tasks or activities that must be done during the project.

8. Prepare an Emergency Plan

Imagine if one or more project risks occurred suddenly and required it to be managed as a crisis, it would be a nightmare, right? Therefore, at a later stage you can also make contingency plans for any risks found. This will help you a lot if this risk really occurs in an urgent situation or suddenly.

9. Risk Efficiency Measurement

Risk Matrix (Risk Metrics)

Risk efficiency can be measured through the following questions:

  • How does the number of risks that occur with the identified risks compare?
  • Is the impact of the risk as bad as expected?
  • How much risk of recurrence?
  • How does the actual risk that occurs differ from the risk that has been anticipated?

Risk Audit (Risk Audit)

Risk audit activity is an analysis from experts that is used as a recommendation to improve the effectiveness of risk management in the company. This activity will evaluate things like:

  • Top 10 risks in companies that require special attention
  • Potential additional risks identified
  • Risk-prone areas in the project
  • and others.

10. Risk Monitoring and Control

At this final stage, the activities we can do to manage risk are:

  • Identify new risks and plan for them
  • Track existing risks to check whether a risk reassessment is necessary, whether each risk has a trigger, the likelihood of the risk becoming worse over time, and the likelihood of remaining risk requiring a long-term approach
  • Reclassification of risks to review risks that cannot be resolved.
  • Risk reporting that must be updated. Both from the list of risks found, to the response to each of these risks. This project risk register is the primary risk reporting tool and is available on a central project server and accessible to all project stakeholders.

That’s a review of project risk management that is important for you to know. So, have you prepared risk management in the project that you are currently managing?


Comments (0)

1000 Characters Remaining

Recommendations For You

Proven Strategies for Effective Project Management

4 December 2023

Proven Strategies for Effective Project Management

Unveiling the Crucial Functions of Project Management

28 November 2023

Unveiling the Crucial Functions of Project Management

HSE Certificate is: Definition, Purpose, Benefits, How to Get and Examples

23 May 2022

HSE Certificate is: Definition, Purpose, Benefits, How to Get and Examples

Improving Project Performance: How Tomps Project is the Key to PT Roda Jaya Sakti's Success in Construction and Mining

22 November 2023

Improving Project Performance: How Tomps Project is the Key to PT Roda Jaya Sakti's Success in Construction and Mining

Manage Projects, Properties, and Assets Efficiently

Boost company productivity and efficiency with Tomps products, trusted by businesses across various industries in Indonesia.

Schedule a Demo

icon-copyright 2023. Tomps.id by Telkom Indonesia | Tomps was Registered on: icon-copyright

Find Us on

  • icon-fb
  • icon-linked
  • icon-instagram
  • icon-youtube